Helnwein is one of the most famous and controversial German-speaking artists after the Second World War. He was primarily known for his hyper-realistic images of wounded and bandaged children. Throughout his work he deals with the topics of pain, injury and violence apart, and also touches on taboo subjects and themes in recent history. In particular, the topic of National Socialism is processed in his works; in the center of his work but is mainly the presentation of the Child. He works with various techniques and stylistic devices. In addition to the drawing, water color, acrylic and oil painting and various mixed media, photography is an important medium for him – often in connection with performance works. Since the late 1980s he began installations in public spaces in his work involve.